The Oxford Street District’s past, present and future

When looking ahead is also important that we acknowledge the development of the district over the years. Read more about the district’s past, present and future.

Oxford Street has its origins as a Roman Road. In the Middle Ages, the road became known as the Tyburn Road, and has been known as Oxford Street since 1729, most likely referring to ‘the road to Oxford’ and the former landowners the Earls of Oxford.

From being a major section of road in and out of London during Roman times, to the 18th century when it became the boundary between wealthy parishes and communities on the western fringes of London, to benefiting from advancements in public transportation in the 19th century, the Oxford street district has not stood still.

Changes in land ownership and development by the great estates have helped create the defining features of the district we recognise today. From the fashionable shops of the 1770s, the bazaars of of the 1800’s and dancehall theatres and flourishing iconic jazz venues in the 1900s it has always been a prime destination for a great day or night out. The 100 Club has been putting on live music in the district since 1942, and is one of the oldest independent music venues in the world.

The signs of this evolution of the district can be seen within the district today. The district continues to serve as a key transport gateway and is home to a variety of retail, offices and cultural venues.

The future district celebrates this heritage and will continue to push boundaries to create an innovative range of uses and provide a truly unique experience.